Friday, 5 February 2016

Zuma lied about Nhlanhla Nene's Brics bank appointed

When President Jacob Zuma fired Nhlanhla Nene as finance minister in December; he claimed he was acting with great haste because he needed "an experienced person" at the Brics bank where Nene would head the Africa Regional Centre.

“We are fully backing his [Nene’s] candidature, knowing full well that he will excel and make the nation proud in his next assignment,” the statement read. The president reiterated that same position last month when he appeared to present the move as a fait accomplish. “We took a decision that he [Nene] heads the Brics bank as it needs an experienced person,” Zuma told local TV channel eNews in early January.
However, in a brief conversation with the Financial Mail this week, Nene said he was still in the dark about the job and had not had any communication with either Shanghai or Pretoria.

“I still have not received a formal offer,” he said.


Malema inciting violence with his Gupta comments - ANC

 Economic Freedom Fighters leader Julius Malema's comments regarding the Gupta family and its media outlets go against the Constitution and incited violence, the ANC said on Thursday.

"The very same Constitution which allows him to be in Parliament, he is violating it," national spokesperson Zizi Kodwa said. Malema's statement was nothing but a call to suspend the Constitution, he added "We must condemn the statements of the EFF with the contempt that they deserve because they are likely to incite violence and bring hatred among different groups.

Addressing the media in Johannesburg on Thursday, Malema said the Gupta family, which is seen to have close ties to the ANC and some of its top leaders, should leave the country. He also told journalists who worked for Gupta-owned media, ANN7 and The New Age not to attend EFF events. "We are going to take practical action. It's a battle. It's a war against Guptas. We want to advise the Gupta television and newspapers [that] they must no longer come to EFF events because they are not safe for them. "We are not going to allow South Africa to be sold over a plate of curry."

Kodwa said the comments about "curry" amounted to xenophobia. "All different tribes and groups in South Africa have their own cuisine and they can't be insulted on the basis of their cuisine. In that sense it is xenophobic... it's inciting violence against a group of people." He also denied that the Gupta family had any influence over the ANC or that the ruling party was defending the family because of this. The family would never "control" the ruling party. "The Guptas are not close to the ANC and the ANC is not close to the Guptas," said Kodwa. "If there are individuals, who for business reasons are influenced by Guptas or have business with the Guptas it does not mean the ANC as an organisation is part of that."


Thursday, 4 February 2016

New sex scare through disease - Zika virus

 A patient acquired Zika virus in the U.S. through sex with a person who had traveled to a place where the virus is circulating, Dallas County, Texas, health officials and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Tuesday.
This is not the first time that the virus has been sexually transmitted, and it most likely isn't the first time it's been sexually transmitted in the U.S. Aedes aegypti, the species of mosquito that transmits Zika virus.
In 2008, two scientists returned to Colorado after months of field work in Senegal, where they'd been bitten by
One of them ended up passing the virus to his wife, most likely during intercourse. The couple noticed that the husband's semen had been bloody for a few days before the wife felt sick. She later tested positive for Zika, even though she had not left the U.S. in years. The pair co-authored a paper on their case, which has been called the first documented case of sexual transmission of an insect-borne disease.

During a Zika virus outbreak in French Polynesia in 2013, the virus was isolated from the bloody semen of a man in Tahiti. This was a few weeks after he had symptoms, and while his blood no longer contained traces of the virus, his urine did, and his semen contained live virus capable of replicating. The authors speculate that the virus may have replicated in the man's genital tract.
Similarly, Japanese researchers studying boars infected with a virus in the same family as Zika isolated virus from the urine and semen of boars that was capable of infecting a female through artificial insemination.
Is sexual transmission definitely possible? "Well, it sounds like it," says Dr. Robert Tesh, a professor at the University of Texas Medical Branch who studies emerging infectious diseases. But if it is, it's probably quite rare.

"I know it's sexy, talking about sexual transmission, but it's still the mosquito that's the important vector," says Tesh, who co-authored the case report from Colorado.
The silver lining is that both the Colorado case and the Texas case happened in the winter, when it's too cold out for the species of mosquito that transmits the virus to be out and about. So Zika couldn't have spread to other people by mosquito.

Though the virus has been connected with birth defects in Brazil, in adults the symptoms, if any appear, are often mild and short-lived: rash, joint pain, conjunctivitis and slight fever. The CDC is trying to figure out if an uptick in cases of Guillain-Barre syndrome, a neurological disorder, that was reported by the Brazil Ministry of Health is connected to Zika.

Research on a 2013 outbreak in French Polynesia, the largest known, has yielded the most information on which bodily fluids Zika hangs out in, and when. One study found signs of the virus in the saliva of patients shortly after the onset of symptoms. A small study in New Caledonia detected it in patients' urine more than 10 days after their first symptoms, and more than a week after it became undetectable in blood.
A third study found the virus in the breast milk of infected mothers, and concluded that two babies who tested positive for Zika virus within days of birth possibly acquired it from their mothers' bodily fluids during pregnancy or birth. Tesh says it's unclear how the virus remains in bodily fluids, but hypothesizes that the virus could hide in white blood cells.


Wednesday, 3 February 2016

Meet the poorest countries in Africa

01. Central Africa Republic

Languages: French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages
Religions:  Indigenous beliefs 35%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15%

Population: 5,391,539

GDP - per capita (PPP):  $600 (2014 est.)

The former French colony of Ubangi-Shari became the Central African Republic upon independence in 1960. After three tumultuous decades of misrule - mostly by military governments - civilian rule was established in 1993 but lasted only a decade. In March, 2003 President Ange-Felix PATASSE was deposed in a military coup led by General Francois BOZIZE, who established a transitional government.


Subsistence agriculture, together with forestry and mining, remains the backbone of the economy of the Central African Republic (CAR), with about 60% of the population living in outlying areas. The agricultural sector generates more than half of GDP. Timber and diamonds account for most export earnings, followed by cotton. Important constraints to economic development include the CAR's landlocked position, a poor transportation system, a largely unskilled work force, and a legacy of misdirected macroeconomic policies. Factional fighting between the government and its opponents remains a drag on economic revitalization. Since 2009 the IMF has worked closely with the government to institute reforms that have resulted in some improvement in budget transparency, but other problems remain. The government's additional spending in the run-up to the election in 2011 worsened CAR's fiscal situation. Distribution of income is extraordinarily unequal. Grants from France and the international community can only partially meet humanitarian needs. In 2012, the World Bank approved $125 million in funding for transport infrastructure and regional trade, focused on the route between CAR's capital and the port of Douala in Cameroon. After a two-year lag in donor support, the IMF's first review of CAR's extended credit facility for 2012-15 praised improvements in revenue collection but warned of weak management of spending.

02. Somalia

Languages: Somali (official), Arabic (official, according to the Transitional Federal Charter), Italian, English
Religions: Sunni Muslim (Islam) (official, according to the Transitional Federal Charter)

 Population: 10,616,380

GDP - per capita (PPP): $600 (2010 est.)
Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule characterized by the persecution, jailing, and torture of political opponents and dissidents. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections.


Despite the lack of effective national governance, Somalia maintains an informal economy largely based on livestock, remittance/money transfer companies, and telecommunications. Agriculture is the most important sector with livestock normally accounting for about 40% of GDP and more than 50% of export earnings. Nomads and semi-pastoralists, who are dependent upon livestock for their livelihood, make up a large portion of the population. Livestock, hides, fish, charcoal, and bananas are Somalia's principal exports, while sugar, sorghum, corn, qat, and machined goods are the principal imports.

04. Democratic Republic Of Congo

Languages: French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba

Religions: Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other (includes syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs) 10%

Population: 79,375,136

GDP - per capita (PPP): $700 (2014 est.)

 Established as an official Belgian colony in 1908, the then-Republic of the Congo gained its independence in 1960, but its early years were marred by political and social instability. Col. Joseph MOBUTU seized power and declared himself president in a November 1965 coup. He subsequently changed his name - to MOBUTU Sese Seko - as well as that of the country - to Zaire. MOBUTU retained his position for 32 years through several sham elections, as well as through brutal force. Ethnic strife and civil war, touched off by a massive inflow of refugees in 1994 from fighting in Rwanda and Burundi, led in May 1997 to the toppling of the MOBUTU regime by a rebellion backed by Rwanda and Uganda and fronted by Laurent KABILA. 


The economy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo - a nation endowed with vast natural resource wealth - is slowly recovering after decades of decline. Systemic corruption since independence in 1960, combined with countrywide instability and conflict that began in the mid-90s has dramatically reduced national output and government revenue and increased external debt. With the installation of a transitional government in 2003 after peace accords, economic conditions slowly began to improve as the transitional government reopened relations with international financial institutions and international donors, and President KABILA began implementing reforms.

05. Liberia

Languages: English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages few of which can be written or used in correspondence

Religions: Christian 85.6%, Muslim 12.2%, Traditional 0.6%, other 0.2%, none 1.4% (2008 Census)

Population: 4,195,666 (July 2015 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP): $900 (2014 est.)
Settlement of freed slaves from the US in what is today Liberia began in 1822; by 1847, the Americo-Liberians were able to establish a republic. William TUBMAN, president from 1944-71, did much to promote foreign investment and to bridge the economic, social, and political gaps between the descendants of the original settlers and the inhabitants of the interior. In 1980, a military coup led by Samuel DOE ushered in a decade of authoritarian rule. In December 1989, Charles TAYLOR launched a rebellion against DOE's regime that led to a prolonged civil war in which DOE was killed.


Liberia is a low income country that relies heavily on foreign assistance. It is richly endowed with water, mineral resources, forests, and a climate favorable to agriculture. Its principal exports are iron ore, rubber, gold and timber. The Government has attempted to revive raw timber extraction and is encouraging oil exploration. In the 1990s and early 2000s, civil war and government mismanagement destroyed much of Liberia's economy, especially infrastructure in and around the capital. With the conclusion of fighting and the installation of a democratically elected government in 2006, businesses that had fled the country began to return.

6. Burundi

Languages:   Kirundi 29.7% (official), Kirundi and other language 9.1%, French (official) and French and other language 0.3%, Swahili and Swahili and other language 0.2% (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area), English and English and other language 0.06%, more than 2 languages 3.7%, unspecified 56.9% (2008 est.)

Religions: Catholic 62.1%, Protestant 23.9% (includes Adventist 2.3% and other Protestant 21.6%), Muslim 2.5%, other 3.6%, unspecified 7.9% (2008 est.)

Population: 10,742,276

GDP - per capita (PPP): $900 (2014 est.)

Burundi's first democratically elected president was assassinated in October 1993 after only 100 days in office, triggering widespread ethnic violence between Hutu and Tutsi factions. More than 200,000 Burundians perished during the conflict that spanned almost a dozen years. Hundreds of thousands of Burundians were internally displaced or became refugees in neighboring countries. An internationally brokered power-sharing agreement between the Tutsi-dominated government and the Hutu rebels in 2003 paved the way for a transition process that integrated defense forces, and established a new constitution and elected a majority Hutu government in 2005. The government of President Pierre NKURUNZIZA, who was reelected in 2010 and again in a disputed election in 2015, continues to face many political and economic challenges.


Burundi is a landlocked, resource-poor country with an underdeveloped manufacturing sector. The economy is predominantly agricultural; agriculture accounts for just over 40% of GDP and employs more than 90% of the population. Burundi's primary exports are coffee and tea, which account for 90% of foreign exchange earnings, though exports are a relatively small share of GDP. Therefore, Burundi's export earnings - and its ability to pay for imports - rests primarily on weather conditions and international coffee and tea prices. An ethnic-based war that lasted until 2005 resulted in more than 200,000 deaths, forced more than 48,000 refugees into Tanzania, and displaced 140,000 others internally.

06.  Malawi

 Languages: English (official), Chichewa (common), Chinyanja, Chiyao, Chitumbuka, Chilomwe, Chinkhonde, Chingoni, Chisena, Chitonga, Chinyakyusa, Chilambya

Religions: Christian 82.6%, Muslim 13%, other 1.9%, none 2.5% (2008 est.)

Population: 17,964,697

GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,100 (2014 est.)

Established in 1891, the British protectorate of Nyasaland became the independent nation of Malawi in 1964. After three decades of one-party rule under President Hastings Kamuzu BANDA, the country held multiparty presidential and parliamentary elections in 1994, under a provisional constitution that came into full effect the following year. President Bingu wa MUTHARIKA, elected in May 2004 after a failed attempt by the previous president to amend the constitution to permit another term, struggled to assert his authority against his predecessor and subsequently started his own party, the Democratic Progressive Party in 2005. MUTHARIKA was reelected to a second term in May 2009.


 Landlocked Malawi ranks among the world's most densely populated and least developed countries. The country’s economic performance has historically been constrained by policy inconsistency, macroeconomic instability, limited connectivity to the region and the world, and poor health and education outcomes that limit labor productivity. The economy is predominately agricultural with about 80% of the population living in rural areas. Agriculture accounts for about one-third of GDP and 90% of export revenues. The performance of the tobacco sector is key to short-term growth as tobacco accounts for more than half of exports.

07. Niger

 Languages: French (official), Hausa, Djerma

 Religions: Muslim 80%, other (includes indigenous beliefs and Christian) 20%

 Population: 18,045,729 (July 2015 est.)

 GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,100 (2014 est.)
 Niger became independent from France in 1960 and experienced single-party and military rule until 1991, when Gen. Ali SAIBOU was forced by public pressure to allow multiparty elections, which resulted in a democratic government in 1993. Political infighting brought the government to a standstill and in 1996 led to a coup by Col. Ibrahim BARE. In 1999, BARE was killed in a counter coup by military officers who restored democratic rule and held elections that brought Mamadou TANDJA to power in December of that year. TANDJA was reelected in 2004 and in 2009 spearheaded a constitutional amendment allowing him to extend his term as president. In February 2010, military officers led a coup that deposed TANDJA and suspended the constitution.


 Niger's economy centers on subsistence crops, livestock, and some of the world's largest uranium deposits. Agriculture contributes nearly 40% of GDP and provides livelihood for most of the population. The UN ranked Niger as the least developed country in the world in 2014 due to multiple factors such as food insecurity, lack of industry, high population growth, a weak educational sector, and few prospects for work outside of subsistence farming and herding. Since 2011 public debt has increased in part from a large loan financing a new uranium mine. The government relies on foreign donor resources for a large portion of its fiscal budget.

08. Mozambique

Languages: Emakhuwa 25.3%, Portuguese (official) 10.7%, Xichangana 10.3%, Cisena 7.5%, Elomwe
 7%, Echuwabo 5.1%, other Mozambican languages 30.1%, other 4% (1997 census)

Religions: Roman Catholic 28.4%, Muslim 17.9%, Zionist Christian 15.5%, Protestant 12.2% (includes Pentecostal 10.9% and Anglican 1.3%), other 6.7%, none 18.7%, unspecified 0.7% (2007 est.)

Population: 25,303,113
 GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,200 (2014 est.)

Almost five centuries as a Portuguese colony came to a close with independence in 1975. Large-scale emigration, economic dependence on South Africa, a severe drought, and a prolonged civil war hindered the country's development until the mid-1990s. The ruling Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) party formally abandoned Marxism in 1989, and a new constitution the following year provided for multiparty elections and a free market economy. A UN-negotiated peace agreement between FRELIMO and rebel Mozambique National Resistance (RENAMO) forces ended the fighting in 1992.  


 At independence in 1975, Mozambique was one of the world's poorest countries. Socialist mismanagement and a brutal civil war from 1977-92 exacerbated the situation. In 1987, the government embarked on a series of macroeconomic reforms designed to stabilize the economy. These steps, combined with donor assistance and with political stability since the multi-party elections in 1994, propelled the country’s GDP from $4 billion in 1993, following the war, to about $30.9 billion in 2014. Fiscal reforms, including the introduction of a value-added tax and reform of the customs service, have improved the government's revenue collection abilities. In spite of these gains, more than half the population remains below the poverty line. Subsistence agriculture continues to employ the vast majority of the country's work force.

09.  Eritrea

Languages: Tigrinya (official), Arabic (official), English (official), Tigre, Kunama, Afar, other Cushitic languages

Religions: Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant

Population: 6,527,689 (July 2015 est.)
 GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,200 (2014 est.)
After independence from Italian colonial control in 1941 and 10 years of British administrative control, the UN established Eritrea as an autonomous region within the Ethiopian federation in 1952. Ethiopia's full annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a violent 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating government forces. Eritreans overwhelmingly approved independence in a 1993 referendum. ISAIAS Afworki has been Eritrea's only president since independence; his rule, particularly since 2001, has been highly autocratic and repressive. His government has created a highly militarized society by pursuing an unpopular program of mandatory conscription into national service, sometimes of indefinite length. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000.


 Since formal independence from Ethiopia in 1993, Eritrea has faced many economic problems, including lack of resources and chronic drought, which have been exacerbated by restrictive economic policies. Eritrea has a command economy under the control of the sole political party, the People's Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ). Like the economies of many African nations, a large share of the population - nearly 80% - is engaged in subsistence agriculture, but the sector only produces a small share of the country's total output. Since the conclusion of the Ethiopian-Eritrea war in 2000, the government has expanded use of military and party-owned businesses to complete President ISAIAS's development agenda. The government has strictly controlled the use of foreign currency by limiting access and availability; new regulations in 2013 aimed at relaxing currency controls have had little economic effect.

10. Guinea

Languages: French (official)

Religions: Muslim 86.7%, Christian 8.9%, animist/other/none 7.8% (2012 est.)

Population: 11,780,162 (July 2015 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,300 (2014 est.)

Guinea is at a turning point after decades of authoritarian rule since gaining its independence from France in 1958. Guinea held its first free and competitive democratic presidential and legislative elections in 2010 and 2013 respectively, and in October 2015 held a second consecutive presidential election. Alpha CONDE was reelected to a second five-year term as president in 2015, and the National Assembly was seated in January 2014. CONDE's first cabinet is the first all-civilian government in Guinea. Previously, Sekou TOURE ruled the country as president from independence to his death in 1984. Lansana CONTE came to power in 1984 when the military seized the government after TOURE's death.  


Guinea is a poor country of approximately 11.7 million people that possesses the world's largest reserves of bauxite and world’s largest untapped high-grade iron ore reserves (Simandou), as well as gold and diamonds. In addition, Guinea has fertile soil, ample rainfall, and is the source of several West African rivers, including the Senegal, Niger, and Gambia. Guinea's hydro potential is enormous and the country could be a major exporter of electricity. The country also has tremendous agriculture potential. Gold, bauxite, and diamonds are Guinea’s main mineral exports. Following the death of long-term President Lansana CONTE in 2008 and the coup that followed, international donors, including the G-8, the IMF, and the World Bank, significantly curtailed their development programs in Guinea.


Zuma now agrees to pay back the money

The African National Congress's official facebook page has issued a surprise statement by making an announcement that the president has offered to pay back some of the money that amounts to R240 million that was spent for his Nkandla homestead upgrades. This announcement comes in just 5 days before the Economic Freedom Fighters is set to march to the constitutional court to hear a case the party lodged against the president for the refusal to adhere to the public protector's findings which compelled the president to pay back  some of the money which was spent for non security upgrade to his Nkandla homestead.

MyAnc complete statement

"Proposed solution to the Nkandla matter

The ANC welcomes the decision of President Zuma to find a permanent solution to the Nkandla matter within the recommendations of the Public Protector, as per the President's submission to the Constitutional Court.

It is the view of the ANC that such a solution will bring closure to the long drawn matter which has been a focus of parliament for some time.
Our support for the proposed solution does not imply that President Zuma is responsible for wrong doing in the security upgrades at Nkandla, we still call for prosecution of those responsible."

The presidency said in the statement that Zuma’s attorneys had written to the registrar of the Constitutional Court on Tuesday morning proposing “a simple course to implement what the Public Protector recommended as remedial action contained in the report”. The statement said the president “remains critical of a number of factual aspects and legal conclusions in the report”.

The report is widely interpreted as an admission that the president is liable to pay back the money and has agreed to pay.

Sources :

Tuesday, 2 February 2016

Relive fees must fall with some pictures and interesting videos here

It was around in September 2015 when news articles about violent student protests first emerged from the University Of KwaZulu Natal Westville campus. The protests about university fee increases, student debts, soon spread nationwide spearheaded by a famous twitter hashtag #feesmustfall.

We are now in 2016 and it seems the fees have indeed fallen thus far with the announcement that more funding would be allocated by government to assist financially needy students.  Who would forget the University Of Cape Town students who were assaulted by police with stunt grenade, shields, teargas whilst they had their hands in the air as a sign of a non violent protest?

We would also not forget the violent and destructive students protests in areas that do not normally receive much media coverage such as University Of Fort Hare at the Eastern Cape. Police brutality to students at the University Of Free State.

Perhaps the most breathtaking radical and militant protests took place at the University of KwaZulu Natal Westville Campus, University Of Western Cape or the Union Building in Pretoria when the president was set to meet and engage with student leaders regarding high university fees. What happened thereafter is a violent confrontation between militant students and the police when the students became frustrated as they were awaiting the president to address them outside the Union Buildings. It is rumoured that scores of students were injured and received emergency medical attention after they were shot at by the police with rubber bullets, teargas and stun grenades. At least two police vehicles were reportedly set on fire and overturned.

Some of the most violent acts of police brutality against students are said to have taken place at the University Of Western Cape even though the media covered very little in that area. Updates and pictures by students regularly appeared on twitter to give accounts of what was taking place.

Tswane University Of Technology proved to be the most radical, militant student movement as they were not prepared to simply stand and watch proceedings unfold at the Union Buildings as some believed TUT was at the forefront of the chaos,vandalism,arson that took place the Union Buildings on that day. One journalist posted on twitter that a Tswane University of Technology threatened her when she tried to take photos of them and said :"You not allowed to take pictures of us you shits! We will kick you".

Today we would relieve the #FeesMustFall moments with some of the most breathtaking pictures and videos here:

10. University Of KwaZulu Natal (Westville Campus) - where protests started 

9. University Of Western Cape

08.South African parliament in Cape Town

07.  At parliament in Pretoria - The Union Building Buildings

06. In Johannesburg

05. University Of Cape Town

04 Rhodes University, Eastern Cape

03. University of KwaZulu Natal, Westville Campus

02. In Cape Town

01. A young lady cries

Watch some memorable vidoes below here: 

Parliament - Cape Town

Parliament - Pretoria

Rhodes University - Eastern Cape

University of KwaZulu Natal - Where protests began

University Of Cape Town students in parliament

Sources: This is an original article written an opinion derived from various accounts of what took place during fees must fall from Zama Dladla thus it cannot provide a verified link on the story. Here are some links to some of the stories that movitated the article :

Monday, 1 February 2016

Is the ANC now controlled by Guptas?

Brothers Ajay, Atul and Rajesh (also known as Tony) Gupta, all in their 40s, relocated to South Africa from India's northern state of Uttar Pradesh in Saharanpur in 1993, just as white minority rule was ending and the country was opening up to the rest of the world.  

Atul says they met President Zuma 10 years ago "when he was a guest in one of Sahara's annual functions", a computer peripherals company the Guptas own.  One of Mr Zuma's sons, Duduzane, is also director in some of the Gupta family companies which seldom loses in tender bids. The president's daughter Duduzile w Zuma was also appointed as a director of Sahara Computers in 2008, six months after her father was elected as ANC president, although she has since resigned.

This has prompted senior leaders within the Tripartite Alliance speak out against the perceived influence of the Gupta family over government, there have been questions about whether the inaction from within the state has led to a culture of patronage.

The Sunday Times reported yesterday that South African Communist Party (SACP) and Congress of South African Trade Union (Cosatu) leaders sharply criticized the perceived influence of the Gupta's during the ANC’s lekgotla held last week.

They reportedly criticized the manner in which senior ANC members are summoned to the Gupta's Saxonwold compound to discuss government matters.

Senior analyst at the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) Judith February says it may be too little too late.

“We seem to have names mentioned and people becoming outraged just as we are near an election battle or near a place where the ANC is going to be choosing leaders. It would have been better had the outrage come a few years ago, when the Gupta’s reared their heads.”

The Gupta brothers have been terrorizing the South Africa government affairs and exerting their influence with sheer ease.